As I gradually de-silk, deacidify, mend, and sleeve our collection of Confederate muster rolls, I receive periodic inquiries from the reading room staff as to whether work on a particular requested document is completed. Untreated muster rolls are not available to researchers due to their extremely fragile condition.
This week, I was surprised to receive an inquiry about a muster roll whose treatment I had just completed three days earlier. I recognized this particular muster roll by number right away for several reasons. First, it had arrived in the lab in nine separate pieces and had been reassembled into four complete sheets, one a giant 32.5” x 42.5”! Beyond the physical condition, I also immediately noticed that this muster roll was filled with Hispanic surnames, something I’d never observed in other similar documents. Not only was I excited that such recently completed work should be requested by a researcher, but I also hoped to potentially learn a little more about this unusual document.
The researcher told us that this muster roll represented a unique intersection of Civil War and Tejano history. When the Civil War broke out, many Tejanos did not support the Confederacy, and they lost land and status. By contrast, the prominent family of Santos Benavides in Laredo allied themselves with the Confederacy. Benavides took his staff and servants into battle, and their names are listed on the muster roll. Benavides eventually became a colonel, the highest ranking Tejano in the Confederate Army, and participated in several significant battles. Far from encountering ill fortune during the war, Benavides, the son of Laredo’s founder, remained a major landowner and political figure in Laredo until his death in 1891.
How fortunate to learn more about this unusual document, and how fortunate the timing of the research and conservation work! Many thanks to our researcher for taking the time to talk about Benavides’ story. I look forward a forthcoming journal article on the topic.